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Terms Reference

Reference articles on a wide range of topics.

What Is the Average Cost of Ammonium Phosphate per tonne? Average Ammonium Phosphate Price +  

The cost of Ammonium Phosphate averagely ranges between $225.00-240.00. Its chemical formula is (NH4)3PO4. It contains ammonium cations and phosphate anion. It is soluble in water. It is produced by mixing concentrated amount of ammonium acid and phosphoric acid together. It has high nitrogen content and is thus used in the manufacture of many fertilizers. It easily dissolves in water and is highly soluble. It is used as a flame retardant in thermoplastic compositions and in bread making to promote the growth of yeast.

What Is the Average Cost of Aminosalicylic Acid per kg? Average Aminosalicylic Acid Price +  

The average cost of Aminosalicylic acid is $126.48. Its chemical formula is C7H7NO3. Tuberculosis is mainly treated with this acid as an antibiotic. It was introduced in 1948 for clinical use. It is also used to cure many bowel diseases as it is an organic compound. It is known by the name paraaminosalicylic acid. It has some serious side-effects like nausea, diarrhea, fever, vomiting, skin eruptions etc.

What Is the Average Cost of Aminoacetic Acid per lb? Average Aminoacetic Acid Price +  

Aminoacetic acid, commonly known as glycerin is an odorless, colorless, crystalline solid with the chemical formula NH2CH2COOH. Its average cost per lb is $2.72. It is used as one of the inputs in the manufacture of many products. It has a sweet taste and is thus used in many foods and drinks as a sweetener. Pharmaceutical industries use aminoacetic acid in the production of medicines and in injections. It is also a vital ingredient in the production of various cosmetics and toiletries.

What Is the Average Cost of Alumina per ton? Average Alumina Price +  

Alumina is found abundantly in nature. The average cost of alumina per ton is $440.00-455.00. Its chemical formula is Al2O3 and is chemically known as Aluminum Oxide. It is widely used for the production of aluminum products. It is used as an abrasive due to its hardness and as a refractory material due to its high melting point. As alumina is hard in nature it is used as an insulation material for many products and even as a filler for plastic products. It occurs naturally in crystalline form. It is an electrical insulator.

What is the Average Cost of Adipic Acid Resin per pound? Average Adipic Acid Resin Price +  

Adipic acid is an organic compound that is mainly man-made and it rarely occurs in nature. It is a white crystalline powder used as a precursor in the production of nylon. In the past adipic acid was obtained by oxidation of different fats, but today it is obtained by oxidation of KA oil with nitric acid. Besides its use in the production of nylon, it is also used, in small amounts, in the food industry as a gelling aid and flavorant. The average price of adipic acid resin is$0,725/lb

What is the Average Cost of Acrylate Esters per pound? Average Acrylate Esters Price +  

The salts and esters of acrylic acid are known as acrylates. The main use for acrylate esters is in the industry of textiles, coatings, adhesives and plastics. There are two types of acrylate esters: commodity acrylate esters such as N-Butyl, Ethyl and Methyl acrylate and specialty acrylate esters used to produce polymeric materials. Acrylate esters are mainly produced through the esterification of acrylic acid with alcohol. Acrylate esters exposure can cause irritations to the skin and respiratory tract. The average price of Acrylate esters is $3,000/MT.

What is the Average Cost of Acetic Anhydride per pound? Average Acetic Anhydride Price +  

Acetic anhydride is a chemical compound used as an intermediate in organic synthesis. It is a colorless liquid with a strong odor of acetic acid. It combines with water to form acetic acid. It is used as a raw material in the manufacture of aspirin and other pharmaceuticals. It is also used to transform cellulose in cellulose acetate, an important component of photographic film. It is soluble in ether, benzene and chloroform. It is an irritant to the eyes, skin and to the respiratory system, the vapors being harmful. The average price of acetic anhydride is $2,000/MT.

What is the Average Cost of Atrazine? Average Atrazine Price +  

Atrazine is an organic compound being known for its use as a herbicide. The use as a pesticide is controversial because studies have showed that atrazine can contaminate the water and can cause health problems such as birth defects, cancer if consumed in large quantities and menstrual problems. It is also known as a substance that causes demasculinization in male frogs, a 2010 study found that one in 10 male frogs were turned into female fogs. It is made form cyanuric chloride that is then treated with ethylamine and isopropyl amine. The average price of atrazine is $15 for 500ml of herbicide.

What is the Average Cost of Perchlorate? Average Perchlorate Price +  

Perchlorate derives from perchloric acid and can be found both in its natural state in some arid regions of the world and through manufacturing. It is used in medicines to treat disorders of thyroid gland, but also in the pyrotechnic industry to produce fireworks and explosives. Scientific studies have shown that perchlorate can cause some minor health problems concerning the presence of the substance in drinking water, but major health problems at high levels of perchlorate exposure. The average price of perchlorate is $8/pound.

What is the Average Cost of Phthalate? Average Phthalate Price +  

Phthalates started to be used in 1920 as a replacement of camphor used in the manufacture of plastics. The main use of phthalates is as plasticizers: substances added to plastics to increase their durability. They can be found in personal care products such as perfume, eye-shadow, nail polish and hair spray. Phthalates are insoluble in water, soluble in oil and they have a syrupy liquid consistency. In USA, EU and Canada, phthalates are eliminated from many products because of health concerns. The average price of phthalate is 73 cents/lb.

What is the Average Cost of Bisphenol-A per pound? Average Bisphenol-A Price +  

Bisphenol-A or BPA is an industrial chemical used to produce polycarbonate plastic and is found in plastic products, in packaging, in canned metal packaging or in powdered milk, in toys, bottles and dishes for children. BPA mimics estrogen and has harmful effects on health: once entered into the body it produces hormonal dysfunction, behavioral deviations, hyperactivity, and even aggression. The main problem with BPA is its instability due to wear, washing, rubbing, heating in the microwave; it doesn’t remain in packages, but it goes into the food.

What is the Average Cost of Acetone per pound? Average Acetone Price +  

Acetone is a chemical that is found naturally in the environment in trees, plants, forest fires and in the human body as a result of the metabolic process, but it is also a manufactured chemical. It is a colorless liquid with a specific odor and taste, very flammable and soluble in water. Its main use is as a solvent used for cleaning purposes and to dissolve other substances. It is also used in the manufacture of plastics, fibers and drugs. The average price of acetone is 42, 5 cents/lb.

What is the Average Cost of Vinyl Acetate? Average Vinyl Acetate Price +  

Vinyl acetate is a clear, colorless liquid with a strong fruity smell. It is an organic compound, being the precursor of polyvinyl acetate. It is very flammable, being sensible to sparkles or flames. Vinyl acetate is produced in large amounts in USA and it is used as an industrial chemical for the production of other chemicals, used in the manufacture of glues, paints and textiles. Studies have shown that exposure to vinyl acetate is not harmful to human health. The average cost of vinyl acetate is $550/ton

What is the Average Cost of Isobutylene? Average Isobutylene Price +  

Isobutylene is a volatile and colorless gas mainly obtained from gases in petroleum cracking. It is used as an intermediate for the production of many products. For example, it is used to produce gasoline oxygenates by reacting with methanol and ethanol. It is obtained in industrial quantities by catalytic dehydrogenation of isobutene. The main producers of isobutylene in USA are Lyondell and Texas Petrochemicals. It is hazardous for the environment being highly flammable. The average price of isobutylene is $60 for a 34 liter cylinder.

What is the Average Cost of Butadiene per pound? Average Butadiene Price +  

Butadiene is a very reactive, colorless and flammable gas with an aromatic odor. The production of butadiene started in the years prior to the World War II and experienced a rapid rise, butadiene being obtained from grain alcohol. Today, butadiene is an important chemical being used in the production of synthetic rubber. In USA it ranks 36th in the most produced chemical with an annual production of three billion pounds. It is also used in small amounts to produce plastics and fuel. The average price of Butadiene is 97 cents/lb.

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